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ALMP Active Labour Market Policy
BHPS British Household Panel Survey
CCI Cultural and Creative Industry
CEE Central and Eastern Europe
CSRs Country Specific Recommendations
CVET: Continuous Vocational Education and Training
DG Directorate General
DG ECFIN Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs
DG EMPL Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion
EC European Commission
ECB European Central Bank
EES European Employment Strategy
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EMCO European Commission Employment Committee
EPL Employment Protection Legislation
EPL-P Employment Protection Legislation – permanent/regular contracts
EPL-T Employment Protection Legislation – temporary contracts
EPSCO European Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council
ESF European Social Fund
ESL Early School Leaving
ESS European Social Survey
EST Employment Status Trajectories
ETUC European Trade Union Confederation
EU European Union
EU-LFS European Union Labour Force Survey
Eurostat Statistical Office of the European Union
EURES European Employment Services
Eurofound European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions
EU-SILC European Union Survey on Income and Living Conditions
EU2 2007 accession countries to the EU: Bulgaria and Romania
EU8 2004 accession countries to the EU: Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia
EU28 European Union 28 countries
EVS European Values Study
EWCS European Working Conditions Survey
FTE Full-Time Equivalent
GDP Gross Domestic Product
HAPC Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort (regression model)
ICT Information/Communication Technologies Sector
ILO International Labour Organisation
ISCED International Standard Classification of Education
ISCO International Standard Classification of Occupations
ISEI International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status
KM Kaplan-Meier (estimator)
LABREF Labour Market Reforms Database
LFS Labor Force Survey
LIFO last-in first-out
LLL Life-Long Learning
LMI labor market intermediary
LMP Labour Market Policies
MISSOC Mutual Information System on Social Protection
NACE Statistical Classification of Economic Activities
NCDS National Child Development Study
NEET Not in Employment, Education or Training
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
NRP National Reform Program
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OLM Occupational Labor Markets
OM Optimal Matching
OMC Open Method of Coordination
ONS-LS Office for National Statistics Longitudinal Study
PES Public Employment Services
PIAAC Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies
PLMPs Passive Labour Market Policies
PPS Purchasing Power Standards
R&D Research and Development
SES Structure of Earnings Survey
SMEs Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
STW School to Work
STYLE Strategic Transitions for Youth Labour in Europe (FP7 project)
TAW Temporary Agency Work
TCN Third-Country National
TLM transitional labor market
UK-LFS UK Quarterly Labour Force Survey
VE Vocational Education
VET Vocational Education and Training
VoC Varieties of Capitalism
WVS World Values Survey
YEI Youth Employment Initiative
YG Youth Guarantee
Country abbreviations
AT Austria
BE Belgium
BG Bulgaria
CH Switzerland
CY Cyprus
CZ Czech Republic
DE Germany
DK Denmark
EE Estonia
EL Greece
ES Spain
FI Finland
FR France
HR Croatia
HU Hungary
IE Ireland
IS Iceland
IT Italy
LT Lithuania
LU Luxembourg
LV Latvia
MK Macedonia
MT Malta
NL Netherlands
NO Norway
PL Poland
PT Portugal
RO Romania
SE Sweden
SI Slovenia
SK Slovakia
TR Turkey
UK United Kingdom
US United States